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Mar 7, 2017

Bimini Capital Management Announces Fourth Quarter 2016 Results

VERO BEACH, Fla., March 07, 2017 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Bimini Capital Management, Inc. (OTCBB:BMNM), ("Bimini Capital," "Bimini," or the "Company") today announced results of operations for the three month period ended December 31, 2016.

Fourth Quarter 2016 Highlights

  • Net income of $1.2 million, or $0.09 per common share
  • Book value per share of $5.71
  • Company to discuss results on Wednesday, March 8, 2017, at 10:00 AM ET

Details of Fourth Quarter 2016 Results of Operations

The Company reported net income of $1.2 million, for the three month period ended December 31, 2016.  The results for the quarter included net interest income of $0.7 million, net portfolio losses of $1.9 million (which includes realized and unrealized gains (losses) on securities sold and derivative instruments), gains on retained interests of $0.3 million, advisory services revenue of $1.6 million, dividends and net unrealized gains on Orchid Island Capital, Inc. ("Orchid") common stock of $1.2 million and operating expenses of $1.7 million.

Management of Orchid Island Capital, Inc.

Orchid is managed and advised by Bimini.  As Manager, Bimini is responsible for administering Orchid's business activities and day-to-day operations.  Pursuant to the terms of the management agreement, Bimini Advisors provides Orchid with its management team, including its officers, along with appropriate support personnel.

Bimini also maintains a common stock investment in Orchid which is accounted for under the fair value option, with changes in fair value recorded in the statement of operations for the current period.  For the three months ended December 31, 2016, Bimini's statement of operations included a fair value adjustment of $0.6 million and dividends of $0.6 from its investment in Orchid common stock.  Also during the three months ended December 31, 2016, Bimini recorded $1.6 million in advisory services revenue for managing Orchid's portfolio consisting of $1.2 million of management fees and $0.4 million in overhead reimbursement.

Capital Allocation and Return on Invested Capital

The Company allocates capital between two MBS sub-portfolios, the pass-through MBS portfolio ("PT MBS") and the structured MBS portfolio, consisting of interest only ("IO") and inverse interest-only ("IIO") securities.  The table below details the changes to the respective sub-portfolios during the quarter.

Portfolio Activity for the Quarter
   Structured Security Portfolio 
  Pass-Through Interest-Only  Inverse Interest  
  PortfolioSecuritiesOnly SecuritiesSub-totalTotal
Market Value - September 30, 2016$130,955,409 $1,119,451 $1,526,818 $2,646,269 $133,601,678 
Securities Purchased -  1,134,770  1,857,992  2,992,762  2,992,762 
Return of Investment n/a  (192,857) (154,491) (347,348) (347,348)
Pay-downs (2,472,152) n/a  n/a  n/a  (2,472,152)
Premium Lost Due to Pay-downs (274,921) n/a  n/a  n/a  (274,921)
Mark to Market Gains (Losses) (3,909,827) 593,201  118,596  711,797  (3,198,030)
Market Value - December 31, 2016$124,298,509 $2,654,565 $3,348,915 $6,003,480 $130,301,989 

The tables below present the allocation of capital between the respective portfolios at December 31, 2016 and September 30, 2016, and the return on invested capital for each sub-portfolio for the three month period ended December 31, 2016.   Capital allocation is defined as the sum of the market value of securities held, less associated repurchase agreement borrowings, plus cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash associated with repurchase agreements. Capital allocated to non-portfolio assets is not included in the calculation.

The returns on invested capital in the PT MBS and structured MBS portfolios were approximately (24.8)% and 28.7%, respectively, for the fourth quarter of 2016.  The combined portfolio generated a return on invested capital of approximately (14.4)%.

Capital Allocation
   Structured Security Portfolio 
  Pass-ThroughInterest-Only Inverse Interest  
  PortfolioSecuritiesOnly SecuritiesSub-totalTotal
December 31, 2016          
Market Value$124,298,509 $2,654,565 $3,348,915 $6,003,480 $130,301,989 
Cash equivalents and restricted cash(1) 5,404,697  -  -  -  5,404,697 
Repurchase Agreement Obligations (121,827,586) -  -  -  (121,827,586)
 Total(2)$7,875,620 $2,654,565 $3,348,915 $6,003,480 $13,879,100 
 % of Total 56.7% 19.2% 24.1% 43.3% 100.0%
September 30, 2016          
Market Value$130,955,409 $1,119,451 $1,526,818 $2,646,269 $133,601,678 
Cash equivalents and restricted cash(1) 5,912,868  -  -  -  5,912,868 
Repurchase Agreement Obligations (125,991,032) -  -  -  (125,991,032)
 Total(2)$10,877,245 $1,119,451 $1,526,818 $2,646,269 $13,523,514 
 % of Total 80.4% 8.3% 11.3% 19.6% 100.0%

(1) Amount excludes restricted cash of $246,740 and $227,889 at December 31, 2016 and September 30, 2016, respectively, related to trust preferred debt funding hedges.
(2) Invested capital includes the value of the MBS portfolio and cash equivalents and restricted cash, reduced by repurchase agreement borrowings.

Returns for the Quarter
   Structured Security Portfolio 
  Pass-ThroughInterest-OnlyInverse Interest  
  PortfolioSecuritiesOnly SecuritiesSub-totalTotal
Income (loss) (net of repo cost)$987,166 $1,752 $44,978 $46,730 $1,033,896 
Realized and unrealized gains (losses) (4,184,747) 593,201  118,595  711,796  (3,472,951)
Hedge gains(1) 496,600  n/a  n/a  n/a  496,600 
 Total Return$(2,700,981)$594,953 $163,573 $758,526 $(1,942,455)
Beginning Capital Allocation 10,877,245  1,119,451  1,526,818  2,646,269  13,523,514 
Return on Invested Capital for the Quarter(2) (24.8)% 53.1% 10.7% 28.7% (14.4)%

(1) Excludes gains of approximately $1,037,000 associated with trust preferred funding hedges.
(2) Calculated by dividing the Total Return by the Beginning Capital Allocation, expressed as a percentage.


For the fourth quarter of 2016, the Company received approximately $2.8 million in scheduled and unscheduled principal repayments and prepayments, which equated to a constant prepayment rate ("CPR") of approximately 11.1% for the fourth quarter of 2016.  Prepayment rates on the two MBS sub-portfolios were as follows (in CPR):

  MBS Sub- MBS Sub-Total
Three Months Ended,PortfolioPortfolioPortfolio
December 31, 20165.527.311.1
September 30, 20169.419.713.6
June 30, 20167.820.412.6
March 31, 201611.816.614.3
December 31, 20157.913.710.4
September 30, 201513.412.413.0
June 30, 201516.215.315.9
March 31, 20159.612.310.5


The following tables summarize the MBS portfolio as of December 31, 2016 and 2015.

($ in thousands)          
      Weighted    Weighted   
    Percentage  Average  Average Weighted  Weighted 
   of Weighted Maturity  CouponAverageAverage
  FairEntireAveragein LongestReset inLifetimePeriodic
Asset Category ValuePortfolioCouponMonths MaturityMonthsCapCap
December 31, 2016          
Fixed Rate MBS$124,29995.4%4.24%347 1-Oct-46NANA NA 
Total Mortgage-backed Pass-through 124,29995.4%4.24%347 1-Oct-46NANA NA 
Interest-Only Securities 2,6542.0%3.48%245 25-Dec-39NANA NA 
Inverse Interest-Only Securities 3,3492.6%5.52%325 25-Dec-46NA3.25%NA 
Total Structured MBS 6,0034.6%4.62%290 25-Dec-46NANA NA 
Total Mortgage Assets$130,302100.0%4.26%344 25-Dec-46NANA NA 
December 31, 2015            
Fixed Rate MBS 79,17094.3%4.26%313 1-Sep-45NANA NA 
Hybrid Adjustable Rate MBS 1180.1%4.00%313 20-Jan-4215.039.00%1.00%
Total Mortgage-backed Pass-through 79,28894.4%4.26%313 1-Sep-45NANA NA 
Interest-Only Securities 2,5543.0%3.10%242 25-Dec-39NANA NA 
Inverse Interest-Only Securities 2,1462.6%6.12%301 25-Apr-41NA6.53%NA 
Total Structured MBS 4,7005.6%4.48%269 25-Apr-41NANA NA 
Total Mortgage Assets$83,988100.0%4.27%310 1-Sep-45NANA NA 

($ in thousands)        
  December 31, 2016 December 31, 2015
    Percentage of   Percentage of
Agency Fair Value Entire Portfolio Fair Value Entire Portfolio
Fannie Mae$120,961 92.8%$42,065 50.1%
Freddie Mac 8,870 6.8% 40,928 48.7%
Ginnie Mae 471 0.4% 995 1.2%
Total Portfolio$130,302 100.0%$83,988 100.0%

Entire Portfolio December 31, 2016 December 31, 2015
Weighted Average Pass Through Purchase Price$110.31$107.96
Weighted Average Structured Purchase Price$6.74$6.11
Weighted Average Pass Through Current Price$107.54$107.86
Weighted Average Structured Current Price$10.4$8.45
Effective Duration (1) 4.769 2.326

(1) Effective duration of 4.769 indicates that an interest rate increase of 1.0% would be expected to cause a 4.769% decrease in the value of the MBS in the Company's investment portfolio at December 31, 2016.  An effective duration of 2.326 indicates that an interest rate increase of 1.0% would be expected to cause a 2.326% decrease in the value of the MBS in the Company's investment portfolio at December 31, 2015. These figures include the structured securities in the portfolio but not the effect of the Company's funding cost hedges. Effective duration quotes for individual investments are obtained from The Yield Book, Inc.

Financing, Leverage and Liquidity

As of December 31, 2016, the Company had outstanding repurchase obligations of approximately $121.8 million with a net weighted average borrowing rate of 0.99%.  These agreements were collateralized by MBS with a fair value, including accrued interest, of approximately $130.1 million.  At December 31, 2016, the Company's liquidity was approximately $5.1 million, consisting of unpledged MBS and cash and cash equivalents.

We may pledge more of our structured MBS as part of a repurchase agreement funding, but retain cash in lieu of acquiring additional assets.  In this way, we can, at a modest cost, retain higher levels of cash on hand and decrease the likelihood we will have to sell assets in a distressed market in order to raise cash. Below is a listing of outstanding borrowings under repurchase obligations at December 31, 2016.

($ in thousands)         
Repurchase Agreement Obligations
      Weighted  Weighted
  Total   Average  Average
  Outstanding % of Borrowing  AmountMaturity
Counterparty Balances Total Rate at Risk(1)  (in Days) 
ED&F Man Capital Markets, Inc.$39,788 32.6% 0.91%$1,69457
South Street Securities, LLC 36,150 29.7% 0.99% 2,02123
KGS - Alpha Capital Markets, L.P. 28,271 23.2% 0.99% 1,93752
Citigroup Global Markets, Inc. 17,619 14.5% 1.16% 2,73118
 $121,828 100.0% 0.99%$8,38340

(1) Equal to the fair value of securities sold plus accrued interest receivable and cash posted as collateral (if any), minus the sum of repurchase agreement liabilities and accrued interest payable.


In connection with its interest rate risk management strategy, the Company economically hedges a portion of the cost of its repurchase agreement funding and also its junior subordinated notes by entering into derivative financial instrument contracts.  The Company has not elected hedging treatment under U.S. generally accepted accounting principles ("GAAP") in order to align the accounting treatment of its derivative instruments with the treatment of its portfolio assets under the fair value option election.  As such all gains or losses on these instruments are reflected in earnings for all periods presented.  As of December 31, 2016, such instruments were comprised entirely of Eurodollar futures contracts.

The table below presents information related to outstanding Eurodollar futures positions at December 31, 2016.

($ in thousands)        
  Repurchase Agreement Funding Hedges
  Average Weighted Weighted  
  Contract Average Average  
  Notional Entry LIBOR Open
Expiration Year Amount Rate Rate Equity(1)
2017$60,000 1.32% 1.28%$(26)
2018 60,000 1.90% 1.82% (49)
2019 60,000 2.32% 2.21% (69)
2020 60,000 2.60% 2.45% (88)
2021 60,000 2.80% 2.64% (93)
Total / Weighted Average$60,000 2.19% 2.08%$(325)

($ in thousands)        
  Junior Subordinated Debt Funding Hedges
  Average Weighted Weighted  
  Contract Average Average  
  Notional Entry LIBOR Open
Expiration Year Amount Rate Rate Equity(1)
2017$26,000 1.93% 1.28%$(169)
2018 26,000 1.84% 1.82% (6)
2019 26,000 1.63% 2.21% 150 
2020 26,000 1.95% 2.45% 132 
2021 26,000 2.22% 2.64% 110 
Total / Weighted Average$26,000 1.91% 2.08%$217 

(1) Open equity represents the cumulative gains (losses) recorded on open futures positions.

Book Value Per Share

The Company's Book Value Per Share at December 31, 2016 was $5.71.  The Company computes Book Value Per Share by dividing total stockholders' equity by the total number of shares outstanding of the Company's Class A Common Stock. At December 31, 2016, the Company's stockholders' equity was $72.1 million with 12,631,627 Class A Common shares outstanding.

Management Commentary

Commenting on the fourth quarter, Robert E. Cauley, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, said, "The outlook for the economy, interest rates and the Federal Reserve (the "Fed") changed dramatically during the fourth quarter of 2016 as Donald Trump unexpectedly won the Presidential election.  The Republican Party retained both houses of Congress, which also surprised the markets.  The markets reacted strongly to these developments and interest rates moved significantly higher. In what is commonly referred to as a "risk on" trade, treasury securities declined in price while other assets that carry more risk — equities, commodities, riskier bonds, etc. — all increased. The market expects expansionary fiscal policy — such as tax cuts/reform, infrastructure spending, less regulation and a very pro-business administration going forward. As a result, the market expects the Fed to follow a more aggressive policy in removing accommodation from the economy, as many of the expected policy proposals should be both expansionary and inflationary.  Comments by the Fed chair at the conclusion of their December meeting, a meeting at which they increased the Fed Funds target rate by 25 basis points, were taken as quite hawkish by the market. The Summary of Economics Projections, or SEP, implied the Fed expects three Fed Funds rate increases in 2017.

"These developments adversely impacted the MBS market, especially so after the Fed rate hike on December 14th.  Up until that point our portfolio of generally higher coupon, fixed rate 30-year securities had performed reasonably well, especially given the rather high exposure to specified pools.  However, our PT RMBS portfolio generally widened in spread to comparable duration treasuries during the second leg of the market sell-off in the fixed income market that occurred after the rate hike. The rate hike was the event that really triggered convexity related selling in the MBS market.  However, the sell-off was also beneficial to our interest only securities and prepayment expectations going forward — albeit not enough to entirely off-set the widening in our PT RMBS portfolio. 

"Outside of pure market developments, advisory services revenue benefited from growth at Orchid Island and has become the Company's largest source of revenue. Growth in advisory services revenue enables us to grow our portfolio operations as well, as we did during the year.

"As we move into the first quarter of 2017, the market is still waiting to see what the Trump administration will actually deliver for the economy and markets.    At this point, there is no way of predicting this outcome.  Recent public announcements by various Fed officials imply an additional rate hike at the meeting next week is a real possibility.  Incoming economic data has generally been supportive of this possibility as well. We will know what the Fed has in store for us soon enough.  In the meantime, the combination of higher rates and slower prepayment speeds should be supportive of the earnings power of the Company's portfolio. Of course, this could be offset by additional rate hikes by the Fed, especially if yields on the Company's assets do not rise in tandem."

Summarized Financial Statements

The following is a summarized presentation of the unaudited consolidated balance sheets as of December 31, 2016, and 2015, and the unaudited consolidated statements of operations for the calendar quarters and years ended December 31, 2016 and 2015.  Amounts presented are subject to change.

(Unaudited - Amounts Subject to Change)
  December 31, 2016 December 31, 2015
Mortgage-backed securities$130,301,989$83,988,399
Cash equivalents and restricted cash 5,651,437 6,712,483
Investment in Orchid Island Capital, Inc. 15,108,240 13,852,707
Retained interests in securitizations 1,113,736 1,124,278
Accrued interest receivable 512,760 351,049
Deferred tax assets, net 63,833,063 64,832,242
Other assets 6,349,179 6,194,267
Total Assets$222,870,404$177,055,425
Repurchase agreements$121,827,586$77,234,249
Junior subordinated notes 26,804,440 26,804,440
Payable for unsettled securities purchased - 1,859,277
Other liabilities 2,091,480 2,617,399
Total Liabilities 150,723,506 108,515,365
Stockholders' equity 72,146,898 68,540,060
Total Liabilities and Equity$222,870,404$177,055,425
Class A Common Shares outstanding 12,631,627 12,373,294
Book value per share$5.71$5.54

(Unaudited - Amounts Subject to Change)
  Years Ended Three Months Ended
    December 31, December 31,
  2016  2015  2016  2015 
Interest income$4,235,081 $4,312,063 $1,284,758 $1,034,822 
Interest expense (747,374) (425,107) (250,862) (119,381)
Net interest income, before interest on junior subordinated notes 3,487,707  3,886,956  1,033,896  915,441 
Interest expense on junior subordinated notes (1,108,610) (997,812) (290,441) (254,209)
Net interest income 2,379,097  2,889,144  743,455  661,232 
Losses (3,621,910) (3,399,999) (1,938,951) (487,345)
Net portfolio (loss) income (1,242,813) (510,855) (1,195,496) 173,887 
Other income 11,514,199  6,990,731  3,041,094  2,753,625 
Expenses 5,743,664  9,698,838  1,662,699  1,509,100 
Net income (loss) before income tax benefit 4,527,722  (3,218,962) 182,899  1,418,412 
Income tax expense (benefit) 1,141,718  (62,449,791) (976,181) (63,352,017)
Net income$3,386,004 59,230,829 1,159,080 $64,770,429 
Basic and Diluted Net income Per Share of:        
CLASS A COMMON STOCK$0.27 $4.77 $0.09 $5.20 
CLASS B COMMON STOCK$0.27 $4.77 $0.09 $5.20 

  Three Months Ended December 31,
Key Balance Sheet Metrics 2016 2015 
Average MBS(1) $131,951,832 $103,550,981 
Average repurchase agreements(1)  123,909,309  95,455,776 
Average equity(1)  71,565,545  36,140,105 
Key Performance Metrics     
Average yield on MBS(2)  3.89% 4.00%
Average cost of funds(2)  0.81% 0.50%
Average economic cost of funds(3)  1.20% 0.63%
Average interest rate spread(4)  3.08% 3.50%
Average economic interest rate spread(5)  2.69% 3.37%

(1) Average MBS, repurchase agreements and stockholders' equity balances are calculated using two data points, the beginning and ending balances.
(2) Portfolio yields and costs of funds are calculated based on the average balances of the underlying investment portfolio/repurchase agreement balances and are annualized for the quarterly periods presented.
(3) Represents interest cost of our borrowings and the effect of derivative agreements attributed to the period related to hedging activities, divided by average repurchase agreements.
(4) Average interest rate spread is calculated by subtracting average cost of funds from average yield on MBS.
(5) Average economic interest rate spread is calculated by subtracting average economic cost of funds from average yield on MBS.

About Bimini Capital Management, Inc.

Bimini Capital Management, Inc. invests primarily in, but is not limited to investing in, residential mortgage-related securities issued by the Federal National Mortgage Association (Fannie Mae), the Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation (Freddie Mac) and the Government National Mortgage Association (Ginnie Mae). Its objective is to earn returns on the spread between the yield on its assets and its costs, including the interest expense on the funds it borrows.  In addition, Bimini generates a significant portion of its revenue serving as the manager of the MBS portfolio of Orchid Island Capital, Inc.

Forward Looking Statements

Statements herein relating to matters that are not historical facts are forward-looking statements as defined in the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. The reader is cautioned that such forward-looking statements are based on information available at the time and on management's good faith belief with respect to future events, and are subject to risks and uncertainties that could cause actual performance or results to differ materially from those expressed in such forward-looking statements. Important factors that could cause such differences are described in Bimini Capital Management, Inc.'s filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission, including Bimini Capital Management, Inc.'s most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K and Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q. Bimini Capital Management, Inc. assumes no obligation to update forward-looking statements to reflect subsequent results, changes in assumptions or changes in other factors affecting forward-looking statements.

Earnings Conference Call Details

An earnings conference call and live audio webcast will be hosted Wednesday, March 8, 2017, at 10:00 AM ET. The conference call may be accessed by dialing toll free (877) 312-5414.  International callers dial (408) 940-3877.  The conference passcode is 74903875.  A live audio webcast of the conference call can be accessed via the investor relations section of the Company's website at, and an audio archive of the webcast will be available for approximately one year.

Bimini Capital Management, Inc.
Robert E. Cauley, 772-231-1400
Chairman and Chief Executive Officer